Bulbs and bulblike plants, Herbs, Perennials, Flowers
Low growers, mainly from Mediterranean region, Caucasus. All have grasslike leaves, often with a silvery midrib; foliage comes before, with, or after flowers, depending on species. Flowers come in a wide range of colors and are 1 1/2 –3 in. long, with long, stemlike tubes and flaring or cup-shaped petals; the short (true) stems are hidden underground.
Most crocuses bloom in winter or earliest spring, but some bloom in fall, the flowers rising from bare earth weeks or days after planting. Mass them for best effect. Attractive in rock gardens, between steppingstones, in containers.
All need six weeks of temperatures below 45° F to initiate flower formation; if your area doesn't supply it, put bulbs in the refrigerator for 6 weeks before planting. Annuals anywhere.
Lilac flowers in fall.Orange-red stigma is true saffron of commerce. To harvest saffron, pluck stigmas as soon as flowers open, dry them, and store in glass or plastic vials. Stigmas from a dozen flowers will seasona good-size paella or similardish. For continued good yieldof saffron, divide corms as soon as leaves turn brown; replant in fresh or improved soil.
Hardy flowering perennial fromEurope and western Asia. To5 ft. tall in bloom, spreading to4 ft. wide. ...
Lavenderflowers precede foliage thatopens pink, matures to limeand gold, then shades to green.
Native to western and central North America. This striking perennialgrows 2–4 ft. tall and not quite a...