African native is grown for its lush, attractive tropical-looking foliage. For fruit-bearing banana trees, see Banana. Fast growing to 15–20 ft. tall, 10–15 ft. wide. Dark green leaves with stout midribs grow out in arching form from a single vertical stem; each leaf is 10–20 ft. long, 2–4 ft. wide. ‘Maurelii’ has dark red leafstalks and leaves tinged with red on upper surface, especially along edges. Bloom typically occurs 2 to 5 years after planting, when inconspicuous flowers form within a cylinder of bronzy red bracts at end of stem. Plant dies to roots after flowering; it’s possible then to grow new plants from shoots that sprout from the crown, but easier to simply discard the old plant and replace it with a new one from the nursery.
Leaves are easily shredded by wind, so plant in a wind-sheltered location. Evergreen in mildest climates. In Zones 13, 15, 16, 18, will die back in a cold winter, regrow in spring. Good container subject to grow outdoors in summer and then move indoors or into a greenhouse over winter.
Considered bymany to be the best-lookingform, has purple flowers andcalyxes.
Native to South Pacific and Australia. Rather fast growth to 20–50 ft. Young trees narrow and er...
To 50 ft. tall and wide. White to pale yellow, 5–6-in. flowers. Blooms from fall into winter; st...