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Iris hybrid (English)

Iridaceae
Bulbs and bulblike plants, Perennials, Flowers

IRIS

A large and remarkably diverse group of 200 to 300 species, varying in flower color and form, cultural needs, and blooming periods (although the majority flower in spring or early summer). Leaves are swordlike or grasslike. Flowers (fragrant, in many kinds) are showy and complex in structure.

Iris hybrid (English)

The species (I. latifolia) from which named selections were made is native to the Pyrenees, where it grows in moist meadows. Early botanists first noticed the iris growing in southern England, where it had been brought by traders. Flowers are similar in structure to Dutch and Spanish irises, but falls are broader and decorated with a hairline stripe of yellow. Colors include bluish purple, wine-red, maroon, blue, mauve, white. Bloom comes in early summer. Plant bulbs in fall, 3–4 in. deep and 4 in. apart, in cool, moist, acid soil. Choose a partly shaded location in warm-summer areas, full sun where summers are cool. Because English irises don’t need complete dryness after flowering, they can be left in the ground in suitable climates. Bulbs are hardy to about –10°F (–23°C). Or the bulbs can be lifted and replanted.

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