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Narcissus, Double daffodil ‘Tahiti’ (photo courtesy of Saxon Holt/PhotoBotanic)
Narcissus, Double daffodil ‘Tahiti’ (photo courtesy of Saxon Holt/PhotoBotanic)

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Zones A2, A3, 1-24
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Full, Partial
Regular Water

Narcissus, Double daffodils

Daffodil, Jonquil
Bulbs and bulblike plants, Flowers


Beyond their fascinating variety in flower form and color, these natives of Europe and North Africa offer numerous appealing traits. They are permanent, increasing from year to year; they stand up to cold (most are hardy to –30°F/–34°C) and heat; and they are useful in many garden situations. Given minimum care at planting, they thrive with virtually no further attention. These plants do not require summer watering (but will take it), need only infrequent division (and will even survive without it), and are totally unappetizing to gophers and deer. They bloom in late winter or spring. All plants known by the names “daffodil,” “narcissus,” and “jonquil” are properly Narcissus.

Flowers may be borne singly or in clusters. Colors are basically yellow and white, but there are many variations: shades of orange, red, apricot, pink, cream. Some are fragrant. Leaves may be straight and flat (strap shaped) or narrow and rushlike.

Use them among trees and flowering shrubs, in groundcover plantings, near water, in rock gardens, or in borders. Naturalize them in sweeping drifts where space is available.

Narcissus, Double daffodils

The cup has segments that are separate rather than joined together. The flower looks like a peony rather than a typical daffodil. One flower or more per stem. Examples are ‘Delnashaugh’ and ‘My Story’ (white perianth segments, pink cup segments), ‘Tahiti’ (yellow segments, red cup), and ‘Manly’ (white segments, yellow cup).

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