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Pandanus tectorius (photo courtesy of Doreen L. Wynja)
Pandanus tectorius (photo courtesy of Doreen L. Wynja)

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Zone
Zones H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Pandanus tectorius

Screw Pine, Hala

Evergreen, Edible fruit, Trees

Native to many Pacific islands, including Hawaii. Striking palm-like tree sends down large aerial roots, or “stilt roots,” near its base. Grows into a round-headed tree 20–30 ft. high and 20–40 ft. wide, with spirals of stiff, spiny, 3-ft.-long leaves at the ends of stubby branches. Female plants develop large, edible fruits resembling pineapples. Good wind and salt tolerance; thrives in any well-drained soil, even beach sand. Excellent shade or windbreak tree for the beach garden. Produces litter; needs maintenance to remove old leaves. Young plants can be grown in pots on the patio or indoors.

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