Plant FinderPlant Finder Graphic
Passion fruit (photo courtesy of Susanne Kischnick/Alamy)
Passion fruit (photo courtesy of Susanne Kischnick/Alamy)

Click to Enlarge

Zone
Zones 15-17, 21-24, H1, H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Passion Fruit

Passifloraceae
Evergreen, Edible fruit, Vines, Semi-evergreen, Flowers

Known botanically as Passiflora edulis, this vigorous South American native climbs by tendrils to 20–30 ft. Light yellow-green leaves are divided into three lobes. Blooms during warm weather, bearing white, 2–3-in.-wide flowers with white-and- purple crown (for more on the flower form, see Passiflora). Fragrant, roundish fruit 1 1/2–3 in. wide ripens mainly in summer and fall; at maturity, waxy rind turns from green to deep purple, and fruit falls from the vine. Pick the fruit when it turns color or gather it from the ground every few days. The orange pulp has an exotic, citrus-like flavor; use it for juice or cut the fruit in half and eat the pulp, seeds and all, with a spoon. There is a form with larger, more acidic, yellow-skinned fruit.

Sweet-fruited hybrids that have good-size fruit include red-skinned ‘Red Rover’ and ‘Frederick’, and purple-skinned ‘Edgehill’ (particularly good in Southern California) and ‘Kahuna’. All are semievergreen in colder part of the range. Plants are often short-lived. This plant has naturalized in Hawaii and become a serious pest there.

Grow in well-drained, well-amended soil; give wind protection. Train on a trellis or wall to show off flowers. Withhold water during cold months. Prune yearly after harvest: thin out excess stems by cutting them to the ground, and cut back vigorous growth by a third.

You Might Also Like...

Passion Fruit

Known botanically as Passiflora edulis, this vigorous South American native climbs by tendril...

Schlumbergera

Famous for profuse bloom that roughly coincides with winter holidays, these cactus live on trees in th...

Senecio mandraliscae

This succulent shrubby perennial is native to South Africa. Grows to 1–1 1/2 ft. tall and 2 ft. ...

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

View Maps Learn More

Advertisement