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Phormium hybrid
Phormium hybrid

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Zones 7-9, 14-24, H1, H2
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Full, Partial
Regular WaterMinimal Water
Moderate, Minimal

Phormium cookianum

Mountain Flax

Perennials

PHORMIUM

From New Zealand.Dramatic plants with many swordlike evergreen leaves that grow in a fan pattern; make good garden focal points. The many variegated selections provide year-round color in perennial and shrub borders, on hillsides, in seaside plantings, near swimming pools. Cool weather intensifies foliage colors. On established plants, branched clusters of tubular flowers appear in late spring or early summer, rising to twice the height of the foliage clump in some kinds. Nursery plants in containers are deceptively small; when you plant, allow enough room to accommodate a mature specimen. Cut out flower stalks when blossoms wither.As leaves age, colors fade; cut out older ones as close to base as possible to maintain best appearance. On variegated sorts, watch for reversions to solid green or bronze; remove reverted crowns down to root level before they take over the clump. Clumps can remain in place indefinitely. To increase plantings, take individual crowns from clump edges; or divide large clumps.

Phormium cookianum

Leaves arch gracefully, drooping at the tips; they grow 4–5 ft. long, 2 1/2–3 in. wide. Mature clumps are 4–5 ft. tall, spreading to 8–10 ft. or more. ‘Black Adder’ grows 3–4 ft. tall and wide, with glossy, deep burgundy-black leaves. ‘Flamingo’ grows just 1–2 ft. high and wide, with leaves in shades of orange, rose, light green, and yellow. P. c. hookeri ‘Cream Delight’has leaves with a broad, creamy yellow central stripe and narrow green margins edged in dark red. P. c. h. ‘Tricolor’ has greenleaves margined in cream andred; foliage is flushed with rosein cool weather.

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