Like firs (Abies), spruces are pyramidal, with branches arranged in neat tiers. Unlike firs, however, they have pendent cones, and their needles are stiffer and attached to branches by small pegs that remain behind after the needles drop.
Most spruces are tall timber trees that lose their lower branches fairly early in life as they head upward; their canopies thin out noticeably as they age.
Many species have dwarf varieties useful for foundation plantings, in rock gardens, in containers; these plants have shallow root systems and so need a reasonably cool location. Spruces generally grow best where summers are cool or mild; they will not thrive in heat and humidity. Spruces have no special soil requirements.
Birds are attracted to these trees—both for seeds and for shelter. Check spruces for small, dull green aphids in winter; if they—re present, take control measures at that time to prevent defoliation in spring.
Pine needle scale (look for flat, white scale insects on needles) may encourage sooty mold. In Rocky Mountain states, spruces may be bothered by spider mites and tussock moths.Picea engelmannii
Native from British Columbia south to Oregonand Northern California andeast to the Rockies. To 60–130 ft. tall, 20–25 ft. wide, withdensely pyramidal form. Resembles blue-green forms of P. pungens,but needles are softer and tree is not as wide at base. Popular lawn tree in the Rocky Mountain region.
Flower heads to 2 in. wide, borne singly on 1–1 1/2-ft. stems above a footwide foliage clump. Usually ...
Summer is the season for most yellow daisies, but these European natives bear a profusion of showy dai...
Native from British Columbia south to Oregonand Northern California andeast to the Rockies. To 60–130 ...