Usually colonizing open forest or disturbed areas, bracken has big, triangular fronds that rise on 2–7-ft. stalks. Found all over the world, its subspecies differ in minor details; P. a. pubescens is native to the West. Its coarse, much-divided fronds rise directly from deep, running rootstocks.
Bracken is fine in untamed locations, but keep it out of the garden, where deep rootstocks make it a tough, invasive weed. Fiddleheads are carcinogenic.
Lilac flowers in fall. Orange-red stigma is the true saffron of commerce. To harvest saffron, pluck st...
Tight, dense, spherical red-purple flower clusters top 2-ft. stems in summer. Spreads freely.
This California native is rather uncommon in nature. It blooms from spring to early summer, with 1-in....