In its native Japan, this tree reaches 100–120 ft. tall, but in Western gardens it is not likely to exceed 25–40 ft. tall and 25–30 ft. wide. Very slow grower. In youth, it is symmetrical, dense, and rather narrow; with age, it is more open, and its limbs tend to droop. Small, scalelike leaves are scattered along branches and bunched at branch ends. Glossy dark green needles grow in whorls of 20 to 30 at branch and twig ends, radiating out like the spokes o fan umbrella; they are flattened, firm, fleshy, 3–6 in. long. Woody, 3–5-in. cones may appear on older trees.
Choice decorative tree for open ground or containers. Plant in rich, well-drained, neutral or slightly acid soil. Watch for mites in hot, dry weather. Leave unpruned; or thin to create Oriental effect. Good for bonsai.
Native to Oregon and California coast ranges and to Sierra Nevada slopes below 4,000 ft. Hairy, mostly...
Flower stalk to 2 ft.; flowers are 1 in. long and golden yellow with a purple-black midrib and veins.
From New Zealand. Tiny gray leaves form a very tight carpet to 1/2 in. high and 1 ft. wide; stems...