In its native Japan, this treereaches 100–120 ft. tall, but inWestern gardens it is not likelyto exceed 25–40 ft. tall and25–30 ft. wide. Very slowgrower. In youth, it is symmetrical,dense, and rather narrow; with age, it is more open, andlimbs tend to droop. Small,scalelike leaves are scatteredalong branches and bunched atbranch ends. Glossy dark greenneedles grow in whorls of 20 to30 at branch and twig ends,radiating out like the spokes ofan umbrella; they are flattened,firm, fleshy, 3–6 in. long. Woody,3–5-in. cones may appear onolder trees.
Choice decorative tree foropen ground or containers.Plant in rich, well-drained, neutralor slightly acid soil. Watchfor mites in hot, dry weather.Leave unpruned; or thin to createOriental effect. Good forbonsai.
Early to midseason. Red single flowers bloom freely in winter.
Native to coast and coastal valleys from Southern California to Washington. In windy oceanfront condit...
Native to Oregon and California coast ranges and to Sierra Nevada slopes below 4,000 ft. Hairy, mostly...