In its native Japan, this tree reaches 100–120 ft. tall, but in Western gardens it is not likely to exceed 25–40 ft. tall and 25–30 ft. wide. Very slow grower. In youth, it is symmetrical, dense, and rather narrow; with age, it is more open, and its limbs tend to droop. Small, scalelike leaves are scattered along branches and bunched at branch ends. Glossy dark green needles grow in whorls of 20 to 30 at branch and twig ends, radiating out like the spokes o fan umbrella; they are flattened, firm, fleshy, 3–6 in. long. Woody, 3–5-in. cones may appear on older trees.
Choice decorative tree for open ground or containers. Plant in rich, well-drained, neutral or slightly acid soil. Watch for mites in hot, dry weather. Leave unpruned; or thin to create Oriental effect. Good for bonsai.
Native to cool, shaded canyons in California mountain regions below 4,500 ft. Slow-growing conifer to ...
Native along the Pacific Coast from Alaska to Northern California. Grows fairly quickly to 20–35...
Clusters of dark blue, inch-long flowers on 6–10-in. stems.