Plant FinderPlant Finder Graphic
Shallots, photo courtesy of Jim Henkens
Shallots, photo courtesy of Jim Henkens

Click to Enlarge

Zone
Zones A1-A3, 1-45, H1, H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Shallot


Perennials, Vegetables

Shallots resemble onions and,like them, are in the genusAllium. Thought to have originatedin western or centralAsia. The bulb is divided intosections that grow on a commonbase; it is prized in cookingfor its distinctive flavor, acombination of mild onion andpungent garlic. Young greenshoots are also used asscallions.

Shallots are usually grownfrom cloves (sections of bulbs).You can purchase these froma seed company or simply buyshallots in the grocery storeand separate them into cloves.Nurseries with stocks of herbsmay sell growing plants.

Dutch shallots have goldenbrown skin and white cloves;red shallots have coppery skin,purple cloves.

In mild climates, plant shallotsat least 6 weeks beforeaverage date of first fall frost toharvest green tops through winterand early spring, bulbs inlate spring and summer. In cold-winterregions, plant in earlyspring for green shoots in summer,bulbs in autumn.

Plant cloves, pointed end up,4–8 in. apart; cover with 1/2 in.of soil. From spring planting,you’ll have green shoots inabout 60 days, new bulbs in90 to 120 days. Some seedcompanies sell shallot seeds;plant 12 seeds per foot. Bulbswill be ready to harvest in about100 days.

When bulbs mature, shootsyellow and die. Pull up clumpsand separate the bulbs; beforeusing them, let dry for abouta month in a cool, dry place. Ifstored properly, shallots willkeep for up to 8 months.

You Might Also Like...

Helipterum roseum

Top-notch flower for cutting and drying. Grows to 2 ft. tall, with scanty, narrow leaves and 1–2...

Linaria marocanna

From Morocco. This annual grows to 1 1/2–2 ft. high and 6 in. wide. Summer flowers appear in red...

VIOLA

Botanically speaking, violas, pansies, and almost all violets are perennials belonging to the genus Vi...

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

View Maps Learn More

Advertisement