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Buxus (photo courtesy of Linda Lamb Peters)
Buxus (photo courtesy of Linda Lamb Peters)

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Zone
Zones 3B, 4-6, 15-17, 31-34, 39
Full SunPartial SunNo Sun
Full, Partial, Shade
Regular Water
Moderate

Buxus sempervirens

Common Boxwood, English Boxwood
Buxaceae
Evergreen, Shrubs

BUXUS

Boxwood is widely used for edging and hedging. When not clipped, most are soft and billowing. Inconspicuous flowers. All are easy to grow where adapted. Extra care with watering, feeding, and controlling mites and scale will pay off in better color and greater vigor.

Buxus sempervirens (photo courtesy of Laura Dunkin-Hubby)
Buxus sempervirens (photo courtesy of Laura Dunkin-Hubby)

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Buxus sempervirens

Native to southern Europe, North Africa, western Asia. Dies out in alkaline soils and hot-summer areas. Will grow to a height of 15–20 ft. with equal spread. Densely foliaged with medium-size, lustrous dark green, oval leaves.

‘Graham Blandy’

Narrow, columnar growth to 7–9 ft. tall, 1 ft. wide.

Buxus sempervirens ‘Suffruticosa’ (photo courtesy of Linda Lamb Peters)
Buxus sempervirens ‘Suffruticosa’ (photo courtesy of Linda Lamb Peters)

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‘Suffruticosa’

Slower growing than the species; to 4–5 ft. high but is generally clipped lower. Small leaves, dense form and texture. A variegated form with silver-edged foliage is available.

Buxus sempervirens ‘Vardar Valley’ (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)
Buxus sempervirens ‘Vardar Valley’ (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)

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‘Vardar Valley’

Grows to 2–3 ft. tall, 6 ft. wide. Macedonian native; considered the hardiest common boxwood.

‘Variegata’

Leaves have creamy white edges.

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