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Zone
Zones 1A, 2-6, 15-17, 34, 36-41
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Calluna vulgaris

Scotch Heather
Ericaceae
Evergreen, Shrubs

This, the true and only Scotch heather, is native from Europe to Asia Minor. It has crowded, tiny, scalelike, dark green leaves and spikes of bell-shaped, rosy pink flowers. Garden varieties (far more common than wild species) range from dwarf groundcover and rock garden plants only a couple of inches high to kinds reaching 3 ft. tall. Taller varieties make good backgrounds for lower sorts and are attractive cut flowers. Blossom colors include white, pale to deep pink, lavender, and purple. Foliage—paler and deeper greens, chartreuse, yellow, gray, or russet—often changes color in winter. Most bloom in mid- to late summer; a few bloom into late fall. But blooming types produce flowers that don’t fully open; buds themselves provide long-lasting color.

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