Evergreen, Shrubs, Trees
Camellias grow over a wider latitude range along the West Coast than anywhere else. Typically loaded with white, pink, red, or variegated blooms during the cool season, many of these robust shrubs flower heavily when other bloom is scarce. Native to southern and eastern Asia, they are unscented except as noted.
Big C. japonica varieties are the most popular, with fall- and winter-flowering C. sasanqua varieties coming in second. All are classic understory shrubs that thrive in filtered shade. They also grow well in pots.
There are six camellia forms: Anemone, formal double, peony, rose-form double, single, and semidouble.Camellia reticulata
Some of the biggest and most spectacular camellia flowers occur in this species, and likely as not they appear on some of the lankiest and least graceful plants. Plants differ somewhat according to variety, but generally are rather gaunt and open shrubs that eventually become trees of considerable size—possibly 35–50 ft. tall. In gardens, consider them 10-ft.-tall shrubs, 8 ft. wide. Leaves are also variable but tend to be dull green, leathery, and strongly net veined.
Culture is quite similar to that of other camellias, except that plants seem intolerant of heavy pruning. This, in addition to their natural lankiness and size, makes them difficult to place in the garden. They are at their best in the light shade of old oaks, where they should stand alone with plenty of room to develop. They are good container subjects while young but are not handsome out of bloom. They develop better form and heavier foliage in open ground. In Zones 4–6, grow them in containers so you can move them into winter protection, or plant beneath an overhang or near a wall.
Best-known varieties have very large semidouble flowers with deeply fluted and curled inner petals. These inner petals give great depth to the flower. All bloom midwinter to early spring.‘Buddha’
‘Buddha’ has a very large, rose-pink flower; inner petals are unusually erect and wavy. Fast grower.‘Chang’s Temple’
Large, open-centered, deep rose flowers with notched and fluted center petals. Vigorous plant of better appearance than most reticulatas.‘Mandalay Queen’
‘Mandalay Queen’ has very large semidouble pink flowers with fluted petals.‘Mouchang’
‘Mouchang’ has very large, single to semidouble salmon-pink flowers. Vigorous.‘William Hertrich’
‘William Hertrich’ has very large, semidouble, deep red flowers with heavy petals.
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