Camellias grow over a wider latitude range along the West Coast than anywhere else. Typically loaded with white, pink, red, or variegated blooms during the cool season, many of these robust shrubs flower heavily when other bloom is scarce. Native to southern and eastern Asia, they are unscented except as noted.
Big C. japonica varieties are the most popular, with fall- and winter-flowering C. sasanqua varieties coming in second. All are classic understory shrubs that thrive in filtered shade. They also grow well in pots.
There are six camellia forms: Anemone, formal double, peony, rose-form double, single, and semidouble.Camellia hiemalis
Includes a number of varieties formerly listed as sasanquas but differing in their later, longer bloom; heavier-textured flowers; and usually smaller size.
Vigorous, spreading growth to 3–6 ft. tall and 8–10 ft. wide. Large, bright pink, formal double flowers.
One of the most useful and ornamental shrubs. Low growing (3 ft. high and 6 ft. wide), with arching branches that in time pile up tier on tier to make a compact, dark green, glossy-leafed plant. Leaves are rather small for a camellia, with medium-fine foliage texture. Flowers are rose-red, semidouble to double, 2–2 1/2 in. wide, heavily borne over a long season—fall through winter in a good year. Full sun or shade.‘Showa-No-Sakae’
Fairly fast, open growth to 3 ft. tall and 6–8 ft. wide, with arching branches that make it good as an espalier or in a hanging basket. Semidouble to double flowers of soft pink.
Early to midseason. Medium to large blooms in dark red with deeper red veining. Formal double to peony...
Midseason to late. Very large white flowers with formal double to peony form. Vigorous, upright growth...
Early to midseason. Anemone-form flowers sport white-margined pale pink petals with fringed ...