From the Atlas Mountains of North Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, and the Himalayas. These, the true cedars, are among the most widely grown conifers in Western gardens. Cedars bear needles in tufted clusters. Cone scales, like those of firs (Abies), fall from tree, leaving a spiky core behind. Male catkins produce prodigious amounts of pollen that may cover you with yellow dust on a windy day.
Plant in deep, well-drained soil. All species are deep rooted and drought tolerant once established. Some botanists contend that the several Mediterranean species are just geographic variants of a single species.
Native to North Africa. Slow to moderate growth to 60 ft. or taller. Open, angular growth in youth. Branches usually get too long and heavy on young trees unless tips are pinched out or cut back; branches of any age tend to break in heavy snows. Growth naturally less open with age. Less spreading than other true cedars, but still needs a 30 ft. circle. Needles, less than 1 in. long, are bluish green.Cedrus brevifolia
Native to Cyprus. Resembles C. libani but is smaller (to 50 ft. tall and 40 ft.wide) with shorter needles (1/4–1/2 in.) and smaller cones. Sometimes considered variety of C. libani. Very slow growing.
Native to the Himalayas. Fast growing to 80 ft., with 40 ft. spread at ground level. Lower branches sweep down to ground, then upward. Upper branches openly spaced, graceful. Nodding tip identifies this tree in the skyline. Softer, lighter texture than other cedars.
Planted in small lawn, it soon overpowers area. You can control spread of tree by cutting new growth of side branches halfway back in late spring. This kind of pruning also makes tree denser.
Although deodars sold by nurseries are very similar in overall form, many variations occur within a group of seedlings from scarecrowlike types to low, compact shrubs. Needles, to 2 in. long, may be green or have a blue, gray, or yellow cast.Cedrus libani
Native Lebanon to Turkey. Eventually to 80 ft., but slow growing—to 15 ft. in 15 years. Variable in growth habit. Usually a dense, narrow pyramid in youth. In young trees, needles, less than 1 in. long, are brightest green of the cedars; in old ones, they are dark gray green. Spreads picturesquely as it matures to become majestic skyline tree with long horizontal limbs and an irregular shape; the tree is ultimately about as broad as high. Rather scarce and expensive because of time required to reach salable size. Routine garden care. No pruning needed.
From Brazil, but naturalized at higher elevations throughoutHawaiian Islands. Known botanically as
Native to CoastRanges and Sierra Nevada foothills,mountains of SouthernCalifornia, Arizona, Baja Calif...
Drops some leaves at 0 to 10°F/°18 to °12°C. Dense, upright, fairly fast growth to...