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Zone
Zones 8, 9, 12-24, H1, H2
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Full, Partial
Minimal Water
Minimal

Cinnamomum camphora

Camphor Tree
Lauraceae
Evergreen, Trees

Native to China, Japan. Grows slowly to 50 ft. or taller, 60 ft. wide. Typically a strong-structured tree with a heavy trunk and heavy, upright, spreading limbs. Beautiful in the rain, when the trunk looks black. Aromatic, 2 1/2–5-in.-long leaves smell like camphor when crushed. New foliage in early spring is pink, red, or bronze; matures to shiny yellow green. Inconspicuous but fragrant yellow flowers bloom profusely in late spring, followed by small blackish fruits. Drops leaves quite heavily in early spring; flowers, fruits, and twigs drop later. Plant where litter will not be a problem. Competitive roots also make this tree a poor choice near garden beds and paved areas; roots may invade sewer and drainage lines as well. In desert zones, sometimes affected by salt burn. Subject to verticillium wilt.

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