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Kumquats (photo courtesy of David Cavagnaro)
Kumquats (photo courtesy of David Cavagnaro)

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Zone
Zones 8, 9, 12-31, H1, H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Citrus, Kumquat

Kumquat
Rutaceae
Evergreen, Edible fruit, Shrubs, Trees, Decorative fruit or berries

Kumquats are shrubby plants 6–15 ft. high or taller, with yellow to red-orange fruits that look like tiny oranges. Eat whole and unpeeled—spongy rind is sweet, pulp is tangy. Best in areas with warm to hot summers and chilly nights during fall or winter ripening period. Hardy to at least 18°F/–8°C.

‘Nagami’ is the main commercial variety. Oval, slightly seedy fruit is more abundant and sweeter in hot-summer climates. Plant is thornless.

‘Meiwa’ is considered the best kumquat for eating fresh. Round fruit is sweeter, juicier, and less seedy than that of other varieties. Performs better than other types in cool-summer areas. Nearly thornless.

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