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Zone
Zones 8, 9, 12-27, H1, H2
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Citrus (Lemon)

Lemon
Rutaceae
Evergreen, Edible fruit, Shrubs, Trees, Decorative fruit or berries

CITRUS

As landscaping plants, citrus offer year-round attractive form and glossy deep green foliage; also bear fragrant flowers and decorative fruit in season. If you want quality fruit, your choice of varieties will depend on the total amount of heat available through the fruit-developing period (need varies according to type) and on the winter cold in your zone.

Citrus flowers attract bees.

For detailed information about citrus selection and growing, see How to choose and grow citrus.

Citrus (Lemon)

Low heat requirement makes lemons widely adapted and especially appreciated in regions where sweet oranges and grapefruit won’t ripen. Theyse do best year-round near the coast, though some varieties are very successful in the desert.

'Dwarf Lisbon'

Plants sold under this name are simply 'Lisbon' lemons on a dwarf rootstock, so they top out at under 12 ft. high and wide. Fruit practically identical to ‘Eureka’, and but the tree is denser. Ripens mostly in fall but has some ripe fruit all year. More resistant to cold than ‘Eureka’ and better adapted to high heat; best lemon for Arizona. There is also a seedless form.

'Eureka' lemon
'Eureka' lemon

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'Eureka'

This is the standard lemon of markets. Bears all year. To 20 ft. tall, with somewhat open growth; branches have few thorns. As a dwarf, it is a dense tree with large, dark leaves. New growth on both standard-size and dwarf plants is bronzy purple. Should be pruned every year or two to keep the trees within bounds and the fruit easily reachable. Can be shaped as a small tree.

'Lisbon'

Vigorous, upright, thorny tree to 20–25 ft. tall; also available on dwarf rootstock ('Dwarf Lisbon'). Denser than ‘Eureka’, but fruit practically identical. Can be trimmed up into highly decorative small tree. Ripens mostly in fall but has some ripe fruit all year. More resistant to cold than ‘Eureka’ and better adapted to high heat; best lemon for Arizona. There is also a seedless form.

'Variegated Pink' ('Pink Lemonade')

Sport of ‘Eureka’ with green-and-white leaves and green stripes on immature fruit; everbearing like ‘Eureka’. Light pink flesh doesn’t need heat to develop color. This handsome landscape tree grows 20 to 25 ft. tall.

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