Plant FinderPlant Finder Graphic
Crataegus phaenopyrum
Crataegus phaenopyrum

Click to Enlarge

Zone
Zones 2-12, 14-17, 28, 30-41
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Crataegus

Hawthorn
Rosaceae
Deciduous, Trees

Small trees, these members of the rose family are known for clusters of pretty, usually white flowers after leaf-out in spring and for showy fruit resembling tiny apples in summer and fall (and often into winter). They are typically multitrunked, with thorny branches that need some pruning to thin out excess twiggy growth. Many hawthorns produce water sprouts, which should be pruned out. They attract bees, birds.

Crataegus crus-galli ‘Cruzam’ (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)
Crataegus crus-galli ‘Cruzam’ (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)

Click to Enlarge

Crataegus crus-galli

Native to the eastern United State and Canada. Grows to 20–30 ft. high, 20–35 ft. wide. Defended by stiff thorns to 3 in. long, this tree has smooth-textured, tooth-edged leaves that are glossy dark green, turning orange to red in fall. Dull orange-red fruit.

Crataegus crus-galli inermis is a thornless variety.

Crataegus laevigata ‘Superba’ (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)
Crataegus laevigata ‘Superba’ (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)

Click to Enlarge

Crataegus laevigata

Native to Europe and North Africa. Grows to 18–25 ft. high, 15–20 ft. wide. Most varieties have clusters of rose-red, white, or pink clusters of flowers. Leaves are similar to those of Crataegus monogyna but have toothed lobes.

Crataegus monogyna

Native to Europe, North Africa, western Asia. The classic hawthorn of English countryside for hedges and boundary plantings. Represented in Western nurseries mainly by the upright variety ‘Stricta’, 30 ft. tall and 8 ft. wide. Plant 5 ft. apart for dense, narrow screen. Leaves 2 in. long, with three to seven deep, smooth-edged lobes. Clusters of small red fruit are rather difficult to see.

Crataegus phaenopyrum (photo courtesy of Jerry Pavia)
Crataegus phaenopyrum (photo courtesy of Jerry Pavia)

Click to Enlarge

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Native to the southeastern U.S. Moderate growth to 25 ft. with a 20-ft. spread. Graceful, openlimb structure. Glossy, 2–3-in.-long leaves with three to five sharp-pointed lobes (like some maples); foliage turns beautiful orange, scarlet, or purplish in fall. Shiny red fruit hangs on well into winter. More graceful and delicate than other hawthorns; preferred street or lawn tree. One of the least prone to fireblight.

You Might Also Like...

Crataegus laevigata

Native to Europe and North Africa. Grows to 18–25 ft. high, 15–20 ft. wide. Most varieties...

Blackberry, ‘Logan’

Bred by Judge Logan, a Scot transplanted to California, in the late 1800’s. Probably a hybrid of...

Blackberry, ‘Boysen’

Propagated from a plant collected at the abandoned farm of Rudolph Boysen in 1923, this fruit put Knot...

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

Find Your Sunset Climate Zone

View Maps Learn More

Advertisement