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Crataegus phaenopyrum
Crataegus phaenopyrum

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Zone
Zones 1-12, 14-17, 28, 30-41
Full Sun
Full
Regular Water
Moderate

Crataegus crus-galli

Cockspur Thorn
Rosaceae
Deciduous, Trees, Decorative fruit or berries

CRATAEGUS

Small trees, these members of the rose family are known for clusters of pretty, usually white flowers after leaf-out in spring and for showy fruit resembling tiny apples in summer and fall (and often into winter). They are typically multitrunked, with thorny branches that need some pruning to thin out excess twiggy growth. Many hawthorns produce water sprouts, which should be pruned out. They attract bees, birds.

Crataegus crus-galli ‘Cruzam’ (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)
Crataegus crus-galli ‘Cruzam’ (photo courtesy of Bailey Nurseries, Inc.)

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Crataegus crus-galli

Native to the eastern United State and Canada. Grows to 20–30 ft. high, 20–35 ft. wide. Defended by stiff thorns to 3 in. long, this tree has smooth-textured, tooth-edged leaves that are glossy dark green, turning orange to red in fall. Dull orange-red fruit.

Crataegus crus-galli inermis is a thornless variety.

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