From Japan. Graceful conifer, fast growing (3–4 ft. a year) in youth. Eventually makes a skyline tree to 100 ft. tall, 30 ft. wide at base. Straight columnar trunk; thin red brown bark peels off in strips. Foliage is soft bright green to bluish green in growing season, brownish purple in cold weather. Slightly pendulous branches are clothed in 1/2–1-in.-long, needlelike leaves. Roundish, red-brown cones are 3/4–1 in. wide. These trees are sometimes used in closely planted groves for a Japanese garden effect. Resistant to oak root fungus.‘Cristata’
Unusual, twisted, cockscomb-like growth at branch ends. Grows into an upright cone 12–15 ft. tall, 6–7 ft. wide; after 10 years, eventually twice as large.‘Elegans’
This tree is quite unlike the species. Feathery, grayish green foliage turns rich coppery red or purplish in winter. Grows slowly into a dense pyramid 20–60 ft. tall, about 20 ft. wide. Trunks may lean or curve. For effective display, needs to be given room.‘Pygmaea’ (‘Nana’)
Bushy dwarf to 1 1/2–2 ft. high, 2 1/2 ft. wide. Dark green, needlelike leaves; twisted branches.
Compact mound to 8–10 in. tall and 1 ft. wide. Reddish bronze, 1 1/2-in. leaves form a dark back...
This shrub from Korea and Japan resembles H. macrophylla. Grows to 4–6 ft. tall and wid...
Native to southern Europe. Many forms, varying from 2–4 1/2 ft. tall and wide. Finely cut fronds...